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InsightUK will have issued RAMS for your works, these RAMS will have identify the Methods of Access and Egress to the work Location / Area that are to be used and/or encountered whilst carrying out the applicable works.

Below are the Correct & Safe used of these Methods of Access & Egress identified. 

Select from the menu to the right.

Ladders & Step Ladders

Ladders and stepladders are not banned under health and safety law. In fact they can be a sensible and practical option for low-risk, short duration tasks.

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The Correct & Safe use of Ladders & Stepladders

Set-up for leaning ladders

Do a daily pre-use check (include ladder feet)

Secure it

Maximum safe ground side slope 16 deg (level the rungs with a suitable device)

Maximum safe ground back slope 6 deg

Have a strong upper resting point

Floors should be clean, not slippery

 

Leaning ladders in-use

Short duration work (maximum 30 minutes)

Light work (up to 10 kg)

Ladder angle 75o ‑ 1 in 4 rule (1 unit out for every 4 units up)

Always grip the ladder when climbing

Do not overreach -make sure your belt buckle (navel) stays within the stiles and keep both feet on the same rung or step throughout the task

Do not work off the top three rungs ‑ this provides a handhold

Further Information

The HSE (Health and Safety Executive) has provided a leaflet INDG455 "Safe Use of Ladders and Stepladder" which gives advice to employers, employees and self-employed people on simple, sensible precautions to take when using ladders and stepladders to work at height.

Please review the copy below. You are free to legally download and retain a copy if you wish.

All HSE information is available at the HES web site: https://www.hse.gov.uk

Data Sheets / Information

METHOD OF ACCESS & EGRESS

Ladders, MEWP's and Scaffold Towers

MEWP's

The most significant MEWP dangers arise from operation and use of the machine rather than from their movement as a site vehicle. The law says that these hazards must be properly controlled.

However, a safe workplace for all vehicle operations needs be established by separating pedestrians and vehicles and providing hazard-free traffic routes.

The Correct & Safe use of MEWP's

Delivery & use

A route will be planned around the work site, this will be clear from obstructions

The MEWP will not course a trip hazard or other obstructions when in use.

When the job is finished the MEWP will be removed from site.

 

Procedure for use

Operator will check over the MEWP for defects and LOLER certification (the certificate is usually held at the hire depot, a sticker on the side of the MEWP can be traced back to the cert)

He will gather his tools and other necessary equipment and secure this in or onto the MEWP via lanyards etc.

He will now plan his route, checking for manholes and looking and the ground conditions.

He will put on this certified full body fall arrest harness and connect his short work restraint lanyard.

Start the MEWP and raise the cage so it won’t hit the ground as it is driven over uneven ground and to gain a better view around the MEWP.

Work will now start

 

When the operator is within the cage of the platform, he must be secured by means of a certificated fall arrest harness.

 

(It is noted that it is acceptable that fall arrest harness equipment is not necessary when using a Scissor Lift MEWP)

 

All access methods will be supplied by the access hire company.

SPECFIC Emergency Rescue Plan for work at height from a Mobile Elevating Work Platform (MEWP)

Emergency Situation Proposed Action

Failure of upper control functions while elevated

Failure of the operator to be able to operate the MEWP functions while elevated due to the following reasons:

A. Operator incapacitated

B. Auxiliary functions fail to operate from upper control station.

Failure of lower ground controls

 

Failure of ALL normal and auxiliary lowering functions

Proposed Action

Where the normal upper control functions fail, the operator will use the auxiliary controls from the platform to lower the boom safely to the ground.

Where the operator is incapable of lowering the MEWP using the upper controls, an appointed person familiarised in the use of the lower ‘ground’ controls will lower the platform safely to the ground using the lower ground controls.

This could be a Safety Marshall or a person onsite who is contactable and close to the work area.

 

Where the lower ground controls fail to allow the boom to be lowered safely to the ground, the appointed person will use the auxiliary ground controls to lower the boom safely to the ground.

Where all normal and auxiliary functions have failed, the operative in the basket should use the emergency rescue kit to lower themselves out of the basket.

An engineer should be called to repair the fault, if this is not possible a secondary MEWP maybe required to carry out a basket to basket rescue.

Should any of these not be possible the appointed person on the ground should refer to BS8460 section 6.6 Rescue from height.

Further Information

The HSE (Health and Safety Executive) has provided the following information, available on its web site here:  https://www.hse.gov.uk/construction/safetytopics/mewp.htm

What you need to know

Operators have died when trapped in the MEWP basket or when the machine has overturned. Great care must be taken to select the most appropriate MEWP and ensure that use of the machine is properly planned and managed. Operator instruction and training are very important requirements.

MEWP hazards

Most fatal and serious injuries involving MEWPs arise from:

  • Entrapment: operator trapped between part of the basket and a fixed structure, eg when manoeuvring in confined overhead areas of steelwork. Operators may become trapped against the platform controls, and if this happens they may not be able to stop the machine running.

  • Overturning: the machine may overturn throwing the operator from the basket;

  • Falling: an operator may fall from the basket during work activities; and

  • Collision: the vehicle may collide with pedestrians, overhead cables or nearby vehicles.

These hazards should be identified within a risk assessment and suitable control measures put in place.

Controlling the risk

It is important to select the right MEWP for the job and site.

Have a plan for rescuing someone from a MEWP and practise it – someone on the ground should know what to do in an emergency and how to operate the machine's ground controls.

There are a number of precautions that can reduce the risk from MEWP hazards. These are:

  • Confined overhead working: Brief operators on the dangers, and the safe system of work to be followed. If there are overhead structures against which an operator could be trapped and then pushed onto the MEWP controls, consider selecting a MEWP that has been designed to prevent such accidental contact.
    MEWPs with shrouded or otherwise protected controls are available.
    Keeping the platform tidy will reduce the risk of the operator tripping or losing balance while in the basket.

  • Ground conditions: The platform should be used on firm and level ground. Any temporary covers should be strong enough to withstand the applied pressure. Localised ground features, eg trenches, manholes and uncompacted backfill, can all lead to overturning.

  • Outriggers: Outriggers must be extended and chocked before raising the platform. Spreader plates may be necessary – check the equipment manual.

  • Guardrails: Make sure the work platform is fitted with effective guard rails and toe boards.

  • Arresting falls: if there is still a risk of people falling from the platform a harness with a short work restraint lanyard must be secured to a suitable manufacturer provided anchorage point within the basket to stop the wearer from getting into a position where they could fall from the carrier.

  • Falling objects: barrier off the area around the platform so that falling tools or objects do not strike people below.

  • Weather: high winds can tilt platforms and make them unstable. Set a maximum safe wind speed for operation. Storms and snowfalls can also damage platforms. Inspect the platform before use after severe weather.

  • Handling materials: if used to install materials check the weight and dimensions of materials and consider any manual handling and load distribution issues. You may need additional lifting equipment to transport materials to the work position.

  • Nearby hazards: do not operate a MEWP close to overhead cables or other dangerous machinery, or allow any part of the arm to protrude into a traffic route.

Training and competence

MEWP operators should have attended a recognised operator training course and received a certificate, card or 'licence', listing the categories of MEWP the bearer is trained to operate.

The expiry date of the training licence or card should be checked.

In addition to formal training for the type of MEWP, operators should have familiarisation training on the controls and operation of the specific make and model of MEWP they are using.

Inspection, maintenance and examination

A programme of daily visual checks, regular inspections and servicing schedules should be established in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and the risks associated with each MEWP.

Operators should be encouraged to report defects or problems. Reported problems should be put right quickly and the MEWP taken out of service if the item is safety critical.

The MEWP must be thoroughly examined at least every six months by a competent person or in accordance with an examination scheme drawn up by such a competent person.

All HSE information is available at the HES web site: https://www.hse.gov.uk

Scaffold Towers

A tower scaffold is one way to prevent a fall when working at height. The type of tower selected must be suitable for the work and erected and dismantled by people who have been trained and are competent to do so.

Those using tower scaffolds should also be trained in the potential dangers and precautions required during use.

Tower scaffold provision and use must be properly managed and include rigorous scaffold inspection arrangements.

The Correct & Safe use of Scaffold Towers

Before Erecting the Tower

Each Insight operative will have read and understood the instruction guide and this method statement, all components will be inspected for wear or damage, the ground conditions will be check suitable. Local bylaws will be respected and erection will not be made near power lines.

 

Whilst Erecting the Tower

The height to base ratios for each tower will be observed to: - Outdoors: will not exceed 3 x the smallest base. Indoors: will not exceed 3.5 x the smallest base. Towers exceeding these heights will be secured to a suitable structure (building etc.) On a soft ground a suitable base will be used. The tower is to be erected level and vertical. The stabilisers are to be fitted in the correct manner. The safe working load of the tower deck area evenly loaded is 300kg. Insight will build the scaffold to the Construction, Health, Safety & Welfare Regulations (1996) which state that the guide rail heights should be 1000mm and the intermediate rails to be fitted to leave no larger gap than 470mm. All as attached Boss Assembly Guide.

 

 Whilst Using the Tower

The safe working load of the stages will not be exceeded; safe access means will be maintained at all times. The casters will have locked and the tower will be maintained level and vertical. When winds are gusting above 25 mph or at any time the tower is to be left unattended, the tower is to be either dismantled or secured to a suitable structure. A ladder will never be placed against the tower, no stepladders or similar is to be used on the tower to gain extra height, a horizontal force not exceeding 20 kg will be applied to the tower.

 

Before and moving the Tower

All materials are to be removed from the tower; the tower is to be at or dismantled to the recommended moving height of 2.5 x the smallest base. All overhead materials are to be accessed and the tower is to be dismantled further if required, the tower is to be pushed manually from the base only. After the tower has been positioned in its new location the casters are to be locked and the vertical and horizontal alignment is to be checked and adjusted. The stabilisers are to be re-fitted and adjusted. If necessary, the tower is to be secured to a suitable structure.

When Dismantling the Tower

No equipment is to be thrown from the tower, all materials are to be removed from the tower as per strict installation instructions. Any damaged equipment will be logged and the tower logged as unfit for further use. All equipment will be removed from site.

 

Delivery & use

A route will be planned around the work site, this will be clear from obstructions

The MEWP will not course a trip hazard or other obstructions when in use.

When the job is finished the MEWP will be removed from site.

 

Procedure for use

Operator will check over the MEWP for defects and LOLER certification (the certificate is usually held at the hire depot, a sticker on the side of the MEWP can be traced back to the cert)

He will gather his tools and other necessary equipment and secure this in or onto the MEWP via lanyards etc.

He will now plan his route, checking for manholes and looking and the ground conditions.

He will put on this certified full body fall arrest harness and connect his short work restraint lanyard.

Start the MEWP and raise the cage so it won’t hit the ground as it is driven over uneven ground and to gain a better view around the MEWP.

Work will now start

 

When the operator is within the cage of the platform, he must be secured by means of a certificated fall arrest harness.

(It is noted that it is acceptable that fall arrest harness equipment is not necessary when using a Scissor Lift MEWP)

 

All access methods will be supplied by the access hire company.

BOSS Ladderspan 3T Component Diagram

Manufactures Assembly Instructions and User Guide

The Boss Ladderspan T3 range of Scaffold towers are employed by InsightUK as its Scaffold Tower of choice, due to its robust design, fully detailed documentation and extensive customer support.

Please find below the applicable User Guide including fully detailed assembly instructions, amongst other pertinent information.

Further Information

The HSE (Health and Safety Executive) has provided the following information, available on its web site here:  https://www.hse.gov.uk/construction/safetytopics/scaffold.htm#ere

What you need to know
Many people are injured each year when they fall from towers or when the tower overturns.

Towers should be erected by trained and competent people. There are a number of organisations that provide training for the safe erection and use of tower scaffolds.

The incidents that occur are mainly caused by:

  • Dangerous methods of erection or dismantling – where a safe system is not being followed;

  • Defects in the erected scaffold – where the tower structure is incorrectly assembled or where a platform guardrail is missing;

  • Misuse of the scaffold – where a ladder is used on a tower causing it to overturn or when a person falls while the tower is being moved.


Erection and dismantling
The manufacturer or supplier or hirer has a duty to provide an instruction manual explaining the erection sequence, including any bracing requirements and the height to which the tower can be erected safely.  This information must be passed on to the person erecting the tower and the person supervising the work.

Towers should be erected following a safe method of work, either using:

  • Advance guard rail system – where temporary guard rail units are locked in place from the level below and moved up to the platform level. They are in place before the operator accesses the platform to fit the permanent guard rails.

  • 'Through-the-trap' (3T) – involves the operator taking up a working position in the trap door of the platform, from where they can add or remove the components which act as the guard rails on the level above the platform. It is designed to ensure that the operator does not stand on an unguarded platform.

Stability
To maintain tower stability you must make sure:

  • the tower is resting on firm, level ground with the locked castors or base plates properly supported. Never use bricks or building blocks to take the weight of any part of the tower;

  • stabilisers or outriggers are installed when required by the instruction manual; and

  • that a tower is never erected to a height above that recommended by the manufacturer.

Precautions and inspection
Tower scaffolds must comply with the standard required for all types of scaffolds, eg double guardrails, toeboards, bracing and access ladder.

When the tower is purchased or hired it should arrive with all the necessary components to prevent falls and ensure stability.

Towers rely on all parts being in place to ensure adequate strength. They can collapse if sections are left out.

All towers must be inspected following assembly and then at suitable regular intervals by a competent person. In addition, if the tower is used for construction work and a person could fall 2 metres or more from the working platform, then it must be inspected following assembly and then every 7 days. Stop work if the inspection shows it is not safe to continue, and put right any faults.

The result of an inspection must be recorded and kept until the next inspection is recorded.

Using and moving
Make sure everyone involved is aware of, and follows, these simple rules:

Using
Never use a tower:

  • in strong winds;

  • as a support for ladders, trestles or other access equipment;

  • with broken or missing parts; or

  • with incompatible components.

Moving
When moving a tower you should always:

  • reduce the height to a maximum of 4m;

  • check that there are no power lines or other obstructions overhead;

  • check that the ground is firm, level and free from potholes; and

  • push or pull using manual effort from the base only.

Never move a tower while people or materials are on the tower, or in windy conditions.

All HSE information is available at the HES web site: https://www.hse.gov.uk

Data Sheets / Information

BOSS the Ladderspan manufacturer has provided a User Guide for the Ladderspan range of Scaffold Towers which provides detailed assembly instructions, amongst other pertinent information.

Please review the copy below. You are free to legally download and retain a copy if you wish.

All BOSS Scaffold information is available at the BOSS Access Towers web site: https://www.bossaccesstowers.com